State Laws:
Post-Adoption Contact Agreements

Contact agreements are written agreements between the adoptive parents and the birth parents that describe the kind of contact and communication they will have as the child grows up.

In some states, contact agreements are filed with the court and are enforceable. This means that adoptive parents are legally required to follow through with the sort of contact they agreed upon unless the court decides it is not in the child’s best interest.

Contact agreements are enforceable in some states, but not in others. 


In twenty-seven states and D.C., contact agreements are filed with the court and are enforceable.


Ten states have laws which expressly deny enforceability to contact agreements.
New laws are needed.
New laws are needed.


In thirteen states the law is silent on contact agreements, meaning they are unenforceable.
New laws are needed.
New laws are needed.


Enforceable contact agreements establish healthy boundaries, clear expectations, and a foundation of trust. 


Importantly, they also offer birth parents reassurance and peace of mind that they will maintain a connection with their children as they grow up. 




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When a birth mother places her child for adoption, she gives up her parental rights over her child. An enforceable contact agreement is not too much to offer her in return.


Use our interactive maps to find out which states allow for enforceable post-adoption contact agreements and which states need new laws.  Join the AdoptChange Task Force in your state to support pending legislation, enforce existing laws, and create new ones where necessary.

PACA Laws Map Image (9.29.23)
Post-Adoption Contact Agreement Laws
Alabama Alabama
Alaska Alaska
Arizona Arizona
Arkansas Arkansas
California California
Colorado Colorado
Connecticut Connecticut
Delaware Delaware
Florida Florida
Georgia Georgia
Hawaii Hawaii
Idaho Idaho
Illinois Illinois
Indiana Indiana
Iowa Iowa
Kansas Kansas
Kentucky Kentucky
Louisiana Louisiana
Maine Maine
Maryland Maryland
Massachusetts Massachusetts
Michigan Michigan
Minnesota Minnesota
Mississippi Mississippi
Missouri Missouri
Montana Montana
Nebraska Nebraska
Nevada Nevada
New Hampshire New Hampshire
New Jersey New Jersey
New Mexico New Mexico
New York New York
North Carolina North Carolina
North Dakota North Dakota
Ohio Ohio
Oklahoma Oklahoma
Oregon Oregon
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania
Rhode Island Rhode Island
South Carolina South Carolina
South Dakota South Dakota
Tennessee Tennessee
Texas Texas
Utah Utah
Vermont Vermont
Virginia Virginia
Washington Washington
West Virginia West Virginia
Wisconsin Wisconsin
Wyoming Wyoming
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